Challenges of second home governance in the Finnish municipalities

In a fifth of Finnish municipalities the number of second homes exceeds permanent dwellings making them important for rural development and land use. This paper analyses how municipal servants responsible for the governance of second home development perceive the phenomenon and the challenges related to its governance. The findings reveal that municipal trade promoters emphasize positive economic impacts whereas land use planners distinguish also negative environmental impacts. Rural municipalities emphasise the economic benefits of second homes whereas negative environmental impacts are identified especially in urban and semi-urban municipalities. Changing forms and use of second homes brings challenges to the contemporary governance mechanisms based on segregation between permanent dwellings and second homes.

keywords: second homes, multiple dwelling, land use planning, rural development, governance economic impacts, environmental impacts

 

 

Mia Vepsäläinen

Yliopistotutkija, YTT, Itä-Suomen yliopisto, Matkailualan opetus- ja tutkimuslaitos